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Introduction: Like many subject understanding mental health is complex and consists of different terms and definitions. For many people being diagnosed with a mental illness is stigmatizing experience.
It is important to understand that all human being at some point in their life are affected by mental distress , that may be due to stress at work, due to loss of a family member or a close friend etc but not all of them suffer from a metal disorder that could be named and given a diagnosis.
Only some group of people suffer from certain medical conditions that could be diagnosed as mental or psychiatric disorders.
Mental disorders may need treatment just like other illness like diabetes or heart disease but at times it is difficult to mange patients with mental illness because patient's acceptance for the illness, use of medications or counselling alone, and needs for hospitalization differ.
One way of understanding mental distress is to view it from the stand point of those who have experienced it.
Definition Of Mental Illness: A mental illness is a disease that causes mild to severe disturbances in thought and/or behavior, resulting in an inability to cope with life’s ordinary demands and routines.
There are more than 200 classified forms of mental illness. Some of the more common disorders are depression, bipolar disorder, dementia, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders. Symptoms may include changes in mood, personality, personal habits and/or social withdrawal.
Violence And Mental Illness Are Usually Not Connected: it is a misperception by majority of the people that the violence caused in the society is from mentally sick people which is not true. Instead studies have shown that people who act violently are mostly young males of low socioeconomic status and under the influence of drugs or alcohol and not any mental medical condition.
The media presents a picture of links with metal distress and violent behavior and this leads to people not getting medical help for their mental illness as they are scared to be rejected by the society.
Relation Between Public Health And Mental Health:
The term public health has two meaning: